Background and Purpose- It is unknown whether the benefit of thrombectomy in late presenting acute stroke patients with imaging evidence of clinical-infarct mismatch is different in patients presenting with wake-up stroke compared with those presenting with witnessed onset or unwitnessed onset. Methods- Prespecified secondary analysis was performed from DAWN (Diffusion Weighted Imaging [DWI] or Computerized Tomography Perfusion [CTP] Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention), a multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial with blinded end point assessment comparing thrombectomy with the Trevo device against standard medical therapy in patients with acute stroke and clinical-infarct mismatch presenting 6 to 24 hour after the time last seen well. For the purposes of this study, the primary outcome was the proportion of modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 2 at 90 days. Univariable analysis and multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between outcome and mode of onset. Results- All 206 enrolled patients were included in the study. Mode of onset was: wake-up stroke (55.3%, n=114), witnessed onset (12.1%, n=25), and unwitnessed onset (32.5%, n=67) with median time last seen well to randomization (13.4±3.7, 10.0±3.7, 14.1±4.9 hours) respectively. Rates of 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2 and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage in the thrombectomy arm were not statistically different across patient onset subtypes (P=0.79 and P=0.40, respectively). The benefit of thrombectomy compared with best medical therapy was maintained across all 3 onset modes (rates of 90-day modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2 in patients allocated to thrombectomy versus control: wake-up stroke-49.3% versus 10.6%, witnessed onset-63.6% versus 21.4%, UW-41.4% versus 13.2%; P×interaction=0.79). In univariable and multivariable analyses, mode of onset was not identified as a significant predictor of modified Rankin Scale score 0 to 2 at 90 days. Conclusions- In patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting between 6 and 24 hours from time last seen well and harboring clinical-infarct mismatch, the benefit of thrombectomy was similar regardless of the wake-up, unwitnessed, or witnessed mode of onset.
- treatment outcome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing