Behavioral inhibition: Linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework

Nathan A. Fox, Heather A. Henderson, Peter J. Marshall, Kate E. Nichols, Melissa M. Ghera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

572 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers. Research on behavioral inhibition has examined the link between this set of behaviors to the neural systems involved in the experience and expression of fear. There are strong parallels between the physiology of behaviorally inhibited children and the activation of physiological systems associated with conditioned and unconditioned fear. Research has examined which caregiving behaviors support the frequency of behavioral inhibition across development, and work on the interface of cognitive processes and behavioral inhibition reveal both how certain cognitive processes moderate behavioral inhibition and how this temperament affects the development of cognition. This research has taken place within a context of the possibility that stable behavioral inhibition may be a risk factor for psychopathology, particularly anxiety disorders in older children. The current chapter reviews these areas of research and provides an integrative account of the broad impact of behavioral inhibition research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-262
Number of pages28
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2005

Fingerprint

Behavioral Research
Temperament
Fear
Research
Inhibition (Psychology)
Anxiety Disorders
Psychopathology
Cognition
Cognitive Processes
Risk Factors
Activation
Physiology
Peers
Caregiving
Young children
Broader Impacts

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Anxiety
  • Attention
  • Fear
  • Social anxiety
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Behavioral inhibition : Linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework. / Fox, Nathan A.; Henderson, Heather A.; Marshall, Peter J.; Nichols, Kate E.; Ghera, Melissa M.

In: Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 56, 11.03.2005, p. 235-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fox, Nathan A. ; Henderson, Heather A. ; Marshall, Peter J. ; Nichols, Kate E. ; Ghera, Melissa M. / Behavioral inhibition : Linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework. In: Annual Review of Psychology. 2005 ; Vol. 56. pp. 235-262.
@article{e1fca3b7469e4127bc55afceb17aa915,
title = "Behavioral inhibition: Linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework",
abstract = "Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers. Research on behavioral inhibition has examined the link between this set of behaviors to the neural systems involved in the experience and expression of fear. There are strong parallels between the physiology of behaviorally inhibited children and the activation of physiological systems associated with conditioned and unconditioned fear. Research has examined which caregiving behaviors support the frequency of behavioral inhibition across development, and work on the interface of cognitive processes and behavioral inhibition reveal both how certain cognitive processes moderate behavioral inhibition and how this temperament affects the development of cognition. This research has taken place within a context of the possibility that stable behavioral inhibition may be a risk factor for psychopathology, particularly anxiety disorders in older children. The current chapter reviews these areas of research and provides an integrative account of the broad impact of behavioral inhibition research.",
keywords = "Amygdala, Anxiety, Attention, Fear, Social anxiety, Temperament",
author = "Fox, {Nathan A.} and Henderson, {Heather A.} and Marshall, {Peter J.} and Nichols, {Kate E.} and Ghera, {Melissa M.}",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141532",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "235--262",
journal = "Annual Review of Psychology",
issn = "0066-4308",
publisher = "Annual Reviews Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Behavioral inhibition

T2 - Linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework

AU - Fox, Nathan A.

AU - Henderson, Heather A.

AU - Marshall, Peter J.

AU - Nichols, Kate E.

AU - Ghera, Melissa M.

PY - 2005/3/11

Y1 - 2005/3/11

N2 - Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers. Research on behavioral inhibition has examined the link between this set of behaviors to the neural systems involved in the experience and expression of fear. There are strong parallels between the physiology of behaviorally inhibited children and the activation of physiological systems associated with conditioned and unconditioned fear. Research has examined which caregiving behaviors support the frequency of behavioral inhibition across development, and work on the interface of cognitive processes and behavioral inhibition reveal both how certain cognitive processes moderate behavioral inhibition and how this temperament affects the development of cognition. This research has taken place within a context of the possibility that stable behavioral inhibition may be a risk factor for psychopathology, particularly anxiety disorders in older children. The current chapter reviews these areas of research and provides an integrative account of the broad impact of behavioral inhibition research.

AB - Behavioral inhibition refers to a temperament or style of reacting that some infants and young children exhibit when confronted with novel situations or unfamiliar adults or peers. Research on behavioral inhibition has examined the link between this set of behaviors to the neural systems involved in the experience and expression of fear. There are strong parallels between the physiology of behaviorally inhibited children and the activation of physiological systems associated with conditioned and unconditioned fear. Research has examined which caregiving behaviors support the frequency of behavioral inhibition across development, and work on the interface of cognitive processes and behavioral inhibition reveal both how certain cognitive processes moderate behavioral inhibition and how this temperament affects the development of cognition. This research has taken place within a context of the possibility that stable behavioral inhibition may be a risk factor for psychopathology, particularly anxiety disorders in older children. The current chapter reviews these areas of research and provides an integrative account of the broad impact of behavioral inhibition research.

KW - Amygdala

KW - Anxiety

KW - Attention

KW - Fear

KW - Social anxiety

KW - Temperament

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=14544296631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=14544296631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141532

DO - 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141532

M3 - Article

C2 - 15709935

AN - SCOPUS:14544296631

VL - 56

SP - 235

EP - 262

JO - Annual Review of Psychology

JF - Annual Review of Psychology

SN - 0066-4308

ER -