Beauty and the Labor Market: Accounting for the additional effects of personality and grooming

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18 Scopus citations


This paper examines the influence of three non-cognitive personal traits - beauty, personality, and grooming - on the labor market earnings of young adults. It extends the analyses of Hamermesh and Biddle [1994, American Economic Review 84(5): 1174-1194] and others who focus primarily on the effects of beauty on labor market earnings. We find that personality and grooming significantly affect wages, and their inclusion in a model of wage determination reduces somewhat the effects of beauty. We also find some evidence of employer discrimination based on these traits in the setting of wages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-251
Number of pages24
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Geography, Planning and Development

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