Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas usually involve extranodal sites, especially the stomach, lung and salivary glands. The Bcl10 gene was recently isolated from the breakpoint region of t(1;14) (p22;q32) in MALT lymphomas, and considered to be an apoptosis-associated gene, and involves a caspase recruitment domain (CARD)-containing protein that activates NF-kappaB. We investigated the role of Bcl10 in MALT lymphoma by analyzing its expression, rearrangement and somatic mutation, by immunostaining, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Southern blot and PCR in 20 cases of MALT lymphoma. Expression of NF-kappaB was studied by immunostaining. Five cases of reactive lymphadenitis (RLA) were used as the control. Bcl10 rearrangement was detected in 8 of 20 (40%) MALT lymphomas, but in none of RLA. Significant Bcl10 mutation was detected only in 1 case (5%) with MALT, but not in RLA. RT-PCR showed higher density bands of Bcl10 in MALT lymphomas than in RLA. Immunostaining showed a weak Bcl10 expression in the germinal center and very weak expression in the marginal zone B-cells in RLA, which was limited to the cytoplasm. In contrast, Bcl10 was strongly expressed in MALT lymphomas, and was mainly detected in the cytoplasm, as well as in the nuclei. Bcl10 expression did not correlate with Bcl10 mutation and re-arrangements. NF-kappaB was expressed in nuclei of MALT lymphoma cells, but not in RLA. Bcl10 expression in MALT lymphoma correlated closely with NF-kappaB expression. Our results suggest that activation of Bcl10 and NF-kappaB may be important in MALT lymphomagenesis, and that nuclear localization of Bcl10 may be important in the progression of MALT.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International journal of oncology|
|State||Published - Aug 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research