Barriers to Enacting Childhood Sun Safety Behavior: Findings from Focus Group Interviews Among Hispanic Parents in Miami

Nick Carcioppolo, Margaret Sanchez, Khudejah Ali, Katherine Nolan, Shasa Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Hispanics are generally diagnosed at more advanced stages of melanoma than non-Hispanic Whites, leading to lower survival rates. As skin cancer incidence is attributable to lifetime exposure to ultraviolet light, encouraging the performance of sun safety behaviors in childhood is an important strategy to address this divide. Problematically, we know little about the barriers to sun safety among Hispanic youth, especially among the Hispanics living in South Florida. To address this gap, we conducted focus groups among parents of Hispanic children aged 4–10 to understand the unique barriers to sun protection among this audience. Results revealed four categories of barriers: child-based barriers, external barriers, parental enactment barriers, and parental proper adherence barriers. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for future intervention research among this audience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • Barriers
  • Children
  • Hispanic
  • Melanoma
  • Sun safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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