Bariatric surgery and it effects on the respiratory system

Evan Paul Cherniack, Neil S. Cherniack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity is an effective approach to weight loss in selected obese patients. The candidate for surgery must be massively obese and have failed to lose appreciable weight with diet, drugs, and exercise. He must also be committed to lifelong weight maintenance. Bariatric surgical procedures either limit the expansion of the stomach (restrictive surgery) or the effective mixing of gastric contents with bile and pancreatic enzymes (bypass surgery). Gastric bypass is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure in the United States. Bariatric surgery-induced weight loss is associated with improvements in cardiovascular respiratory, and metabolic function. Two recent studies have shown significant survival benefit for people who have bariatric surgery (most had restrictive surgery). However, bariatric surgery is risky with an appreciable perioperative mortality. Although bypass surgery usually produces more weight loss than restrictive surgery, it is associated with more complications caused by malabsorption of nutrients such as fat, protein, and fat soluble vitamins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Respiratory Medicine Reviews
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

Fingerprint

Bariatric Surgery
Respiratory System
Weight Loss
Fats
Bariatrics
Weights and Measures
Gastrointestinal Contents
Gastric Bypass
Morbid Obesity
Bile
Vitamins
Stomach
Maintenance
Exercise
Diet
Food
Survival
Mortality
Enzymes
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Bariatric surgery and it effects on the respiratory system. / Cherniack, Evan Paul; Cherniack, Neil S.

In: Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews, Vol. 4, No. 2, 01.05.2008, p. 131-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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