Thirty patients with stage Ta carcinoma in situ of T1 superficial bladder cancer received 6 weeks of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin. All patients had persistent or recurrent tumor despite thiotepa and/or mitomycin C. Response was determined by the results of endoscopy, bladder wash cytology and biopsy performed 4 weeks after the last dose of bacillus Calmette-Guerin. Of the 30 patients 15 (50 per cent) had a complete response. The likelihood of a complete response was better for those with initial Ta lesions (62 per cent) and carcinoma in situ (56 per cent) than for patients with an initial T1 lesion (25 per cent). Although the longest followup is only 36 months (mean 16 months) patients with a complete response have a much better prognosis in terms of subsequent tumor, need for cystectomy and death of bladder cancer.
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