Avoiding hypothermia in trauma: Use of the flameless heater pack, Meal Ready to Eat, as a field-expedient means of warming crystalloid fluid

G. D. Garcia, V. L. Modesto, K. T. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


Forward-deployed medical units do not have the capability to warm intravenous (IV) fluids before their administration. We intend to demonstrate a field-expedient means of warming IV fluids and preventing hypothermia using the flameless heater available in the Meal, Ready to Eat (MRE). Room-temperature and refrigerated lactated Ringer's solution were organized into three data collection groups using either one or two MRE heaters. The temperature change of the fluid was recorded. Average temperature increases ranged from 15.8 to 31.2° C in times ranging from 8 to 20 minutes. Therefore, we conclude that the flameless MRE heater provides a simple, field-expedient means of warming IV fluids before their administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-904
Number of pages2
JournalMilitary medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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