Avoidable adverse events related to ignoring the do-not-do recommendations: A retrospective cohort study conducted in the Spanish primary care setting

SOBRINA Research Team

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to measure the frequency and severity of avoidable adverse events (AAEs) related to ignoring do-not-do recommendations (DNDs) in primary care. Methods: A retrospective cohort study analyzing the frequency and severity of AAEs related to ignoring DNDs (7 from family medicine and 3 from pediatrics) was conducted in Spain. Data were randomly extracted from computerized electronic medical records by a total of 20 general practitioners and 5 pediatricians acting as reviewers; data between February 2018 and September 2019 were analyzed. Results: A total of 2557 records of adult and pediatric patients were reviewed. There were 1859 (72.7%) of 2557 (95% confidence interval [CI], 71.0%–74.4%) DNDs actions in 1307 patients (1507 were performed by general practitioners and 352 by pediatricians). Do-not-do recommendations were ignored more often in female patients (P < 0.0001). Sixty-nine AAEs were linked to ignoring DNDs (69/1307 [5.3%]; 95% CI, 4.1%–6.5%). Of those, 54 (5.1%) of 1062 were in adult patients (95% CI, 3.8%–6.4%) and 15 (6.1%) of 245 in pediatric patients (95% CI, 3.1%–9.1%). In adult patients, the majority of AAEs (51/901 [5.7%]; 95% CI, 4.2%–7.2%) occurred in patients 65 years or older. Most AAEs were characterized by temporary minor harm both in adult patients (28/54 [51.9%]; 95% CI, 38.5%–65.2%) and pediatric patients (15/15 [100%]). Conclusions: These findings provide a new perspective about the consequences of low-value practices for the patients and the health care systems. Ignoring DNDs could place patients at risk, and their safety might be unnecessarily compromised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E858-E865
JournalJournal of Patient Safety
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • Medical error
  • Medical overuse
  • Patient safety
  • Primary care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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