Automated approach to detecting behavioral states using EEG-DABS

Zachary B. Loris, Mathew Danzi, Justin Sick, W. Dalton Dietrich, Helen M. Bramlett, Thomas Sick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals represent cortical electrical dipoles generated by synchronous local field potentials that result from simultaneous firing of neurons at distinct frequencies (brain waves). Since different brain waves correlate to different behavioral states, ECoG signals presents a novel strategy to detect complex behaviors. We developed a program, EEG Detection Analysis for Behavioral States (EEG-DABS) that advances Fast Fourier Transforms through ECoG signals time series, separating it into (user defined) frequency bands and normalizes them to reduce variability. EEG-DABS determines events if segments of an experimental ECoG record have significantly different power bands than a selected control pattern of EEG. Events are identified at every epoch and frequency band and then are displayed as output graphs by the program. Certain patterns of events correspond to specific behaviors. Once a predetermined pattern was selected for a behavioral state, EEG-DABS correctly identified the desired behavioral event. The selection of frequency band combinations for detection of the behavior affects accuracy of the method. All instances of certain behaviors, such as freezing, were correctly identified from the event patterns generated with EEG-DABS. Detecting behaviors is typically achieved by visually discerning unique animal phenotypes, a process that is time consuming, unreliable, and subjective. EEG-DABS removes variability by using defined parameters of EEG/ECoG for a desired behavior over chronic recordings. EEG-DABS presents a simple and automated approach to quantify different behavioral states from ECoG signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00344
JournalHeliyon
Volume3
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Biomedical engineering
  • Computer science
  • Medical imaging
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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