Platelet dysfunction and loss of procoagulants and platelets leads to impaired hemostasis after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Preoperative platelet sequestration delays surgery, and the large volume shifts, necessary to harvest therapeutically effective components, may be associated with hemodynamic instability. We performed platelet and plasma sequestration after the initiation of CPB during the cooling period in patients undergoing surgery in deep hypothermic cardiac arrest. Five patients who underwent major vascular surgery in deep hypothermia were enrolled in this pilot study. Platelet and plasma sequestration was performed during cooling with the CATS cell saver using the plasma sequestration set. Before processing, 2 × 1,000 mi of blood were concentrated by means of hemofiltration to reduce dilution effects of CPB. The autologous platelet concentrates were rotated at 24°C, and the plasma was stored at room temperature. The harvested plasma and platelets were re-transfused during modified ultrafiltration after CPB. Platelet count, 20 mmol/L ADP stimulated platelet aggregation, and fibrinogen levels were measured preoperatively in the harvested material and in patient blood before and after transfusion. A heparinase thromboelastogram (TEG) was performed preoperatively before and after re-transfusion. There was a significant increase in the ADP stimulated platelet aggregation, platelet count, fibrinogen level, and maximum amplitude of the TEG after re-transfusion of the harvested material. No patient needed transfusion of fresh frozen plasma or random donor platelet concentrates. No patient needed re-exploration due to hemorrhage. The data presented provide evidence that autologous plasma and platelet sequestration during CPB initiation is effective. The harvested material reveals a high platelet count and fibrinogen level and preserves functional integrity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering