Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia in a patient with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia receiving nivolumab and intravenous immunoglobulin

Sandra D. Algaze, Wungki Park, Thomas Harrington, Raja Mudad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


We describe a rare case of severe autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) in the setting of underlying chronic lymphocytic leukaemia receiving intravenous immunoglobulin, history of warm IgG autoantibody and treatment with nivolumab for advanced non-small cell lung cancer. In this report, we describe AIHA as a potential serious immune-related adverse event from immune checkpoint inhibitors, discuss other potential contributing factors and review previously described cases of AIHA in patients receiving programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitors. In the era of immunotherapy, we hope to add literature to raise awareness of potential immune-related sequelae such as AIHA. We aim to highlight the importance of close monitoring for prompt identification and management of potentially fatal AIHA and immune-related adverse events of PD-1 inhibitors by holding immunotherapy and treating with high-dose steroids, particularly in subgroups which may be at increased risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberbcr-2017-221801
JournalBMJ Case Reports
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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