Aurora kinase A in gastrointestinal cancers: Time to target

Ahmed Katsha, Abbes Belkhiri, Laura Goff, Wael El-Rifai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are a major cause of cancer-related deaths. During the last two decades, several studies have shown amplification and overexpression of Aurora kinase A (AURKA) in several GI malignancies. These studies demonstrated that AURKA not only plays a role in regulating cell cycle and mitosis, but also regulates a number of key oncogenic signaling pathways. Although AURKA inhibitors have moved to phase III clinical trials in lymphomas, there has been slower progress in GI cancers and solid tumors. Ongoing clinical trials testing AURKA inhibitors as a single agent or in combination with conventional chemotherapies are expected to provide important clinical information for targeting AURKA in GI cancers. It is, therefore, imperative to consider investigations of molecular determinants of response and resistance to this class of inhibitors. This will improve evaluation of the efficacy of these drugs and establish biomarker based strategies for enrollment into clinical trials, which hold the future direction for personalized cancer therapy. In this review, we will discuss the available data on AURKA in GI cancers. We will also summarize the major AURKA inhibitors that have been developed and tested in pre-clinical and clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106
JournalMolecular Cancer
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 20 2015

Keywords

  • AURKA inhibitors
  • Alisertib
  • Aurora kinases
  • Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal
  • MNL8237
  • Signaling pathways
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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