Auditory similarity and the independence of short- and long-term memory

Richard S. Cimbalo, Jacqueline M. Baldwin, Linda Neider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Items in long and short-term (LTM and STM respectively) memory stores were simultaneously memorized by Ss to determine whether the contents would interact. The stores varied in terms of acoustic confusability. It was found that for certain conditions high acoustic similarity in LTM and STM actually facilitated STM performance and this contradiction to the classical literature was termed the auditory similarity reversal effect (ASRE). The ASRE was explained in terms of a recoding of LTM when acoustic similarity was high which would lead to reduced functional similarity to the high acoustic similarity material in STM and yield better STM performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalActa Psychologica
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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