Auditory middle latency responses in the guinea pig

Therese J. McGee, Özcan Özdamar, Nina Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Auditory middle latency responses (latencies 6 to 50 msec in guinea pigs) were recorded from eight awake, restrained guinea pigs. Before recording, screw electrodes were implanted in the skull in a coronal plane in line with the bregma. Another electrode, which served to monitor auditory brainstem responses, was placed 1 cm posterior to the bregma. All electrodes were referenced to a lead positioned 2 cm anterior to the bregma. During the recording session, click stimuli of various repetition rates and intensity levels were delivered monaurally in a closed sound system. Auditory brainstem responses were monitored to ensure normal functioning of the peripheral auditory system. Responses from electrodes at the midline and over the temporal area ipsilateral to the stimulus ear were greatly attenuated or absent. From an electrode over the temporal area contralateral to the stimulus ear, two positive peaks occurred at latencies of approximately 12 and 27 msec. A negative trough was identified at approximately 17 msec. Latency and amplitude functions for this waveform were determined for various stimulus levels. Response amplitude increased as stimulus repetition rate was decreased. Anesthesia greatly altered waveform structure and prolonged peak latencies. These effects were more marked at stimulus repetition rates faster than 10/sec than at slower rates. Properties of the guinea pig middle latency response are compared with those previously reported for cats and humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-122
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Auditory brainstem responses
  • Auditory middle latency response
  • Guinea pig

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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