Conclusions. Significant difference in the incidence of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations was found between the Chinese and USA populations. The identification of the mtDNA A1555G mutation in a large proportion of Chinese probands with nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss (NSHL) provides a molecular explanation for the high prevalence of aminoglycoside-induced deafness in China. Objective. The aim was to characterize the audiological and genetic features of NSHL due to mutations in mtDNA. Subjects and methods. The mtDNA and audiogram analyses were performed in 498 NSHL patients (290 from China and 208 from the USA) with and without history of aminoglycoside exposure. A PCR and restriction enzyme digestion protocol was used for mutational screening and the European Workshop on Genetic Hearing Loss criteria were applied for audiological classification. Results. All Chinese probands (15.5%) with mtDNA mutation were found to carry the homoplasmic mtDNA A1555G mutation, whereas four probands (1.9%) from the USA were found to carry the mtDNA A1555G and two (1%) had mtDNA G7444A. Approximately 63% of the probands with mtDNA mutations had post-lingual hearing loss and 56.8% of them had a medical history of exposure to aminoglycosides. Hearing losses are bilateral, sensorineural, and symmetric. The main audiogram shapes found were sloping.
- Aminoglycoside-induced deafness
- Mitochondrial DNA
- Nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss
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