Several studies have failed to validate Rotter’s IE control of reinforcement construct through the attribution of ambiguously caused successes by Internals and Externals. The present study was another attempt to validate the construct using a new locus of control measure. Additionally, two predictions derived from self-awareness theory were tested. Attributions were made as estimated influences of four causal categories, and as a global partition of responsibility into internal vs. external factors. Internals and Externals differed only on attribution to chance. On the global measure, self-awareness produced more internality among Externals and an opposite tendency among Internals. Two possible interpretations of this result were discussed.
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