Attenuated regenerative properties in human periodontal ligament–derived stem cells of older donor ages with shorter telomere length and lower SSEA4 expression

Tsz Kin Ng, Chong Bo Chen, Ciyan Xu, Yanxuan Xu, Xiaowu Yao, Li Huang, Jia Jian Liang, Herman S. Cheung, Chi Pui Pang, Yuqiang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Periodontal ligament (PDL) stem cell properties are critical in the periodontal tissue regeneration for periodontitis. Previously, we have demonstrated that cigarette smoking attenuates PDL-derived stem cell (PDLSC) regenerative properties. Here, we report the findings on the regenerative properties of human PDLSCs with different donor ages and the underlying mechanisms. Human PDLSCs from 18 independent donors were divided into different age groups (≤ 20, 20–40, and > 40 years old). The proliferation of PDLSCs with donor age of ≤ 20 years old was significantly higher than that of the 20–40- and > 40-years-old groups, whereas the migration of PDLSCs with donor age of ≤ 20 and 20–40 years old was significantly higher than that of the > 40-years-old group. Moreover, the mesodermal lineage differentiation capabilities of PDLSCs were also higher in the donor age group of ≤ 20 years old than the donor age of > 40 years old. In addition, shorter telomere length and lower expression of SSEA4 were found in PDLSCs with donor age of > 40 years old, compared with those with donor age of ≤ 20-years-old group. Besides, PDLSCs with donor age of 20–40 and > 40 years old had higher IL6 and CXCL8 gene expressions. In summary, results from this study revealed the attenuated proliferation, migration, and mesodermal lineage differentiation properties in human PDLSCs with older donor ages. Donor age of PDLSCs should be considered as the selection criteria for the periodontal tissue regeneration treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume381
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • Age effect
  • Human periodontal ligament–derived stem cells
  • Regenerative properties
  • SSEA4
  • Telomere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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