Attentional disengagement predicts stress recovery in depression: An eye-tracking study

Alvaro Sanchez, Carmelo Vazquez, Craig Marker, Joelle LeMoult, Jutta Joormann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has made significant progress elucidating the nature of cognitive biases in emotional disorders. However, less work has focused on the relation among cognitive biases and emotional responding in clinical samples. This study uses eye-tracking toexamine difficulties disengaging attention from emotional material in depressed participants and to test its relation with mood reactivity and recovery during and after a stress induction. Participants diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and never-disordered control participants (CTL) completed a novel eye-tracking paradigm in which participants had to disengage their attention from emotional material to attend to a neutral stimulus. Time to disengage attention was computed using a direct recording of eye movements. Participants then completed a stress induction and mood reactivity and recovery were assessed. MDD compared with CTL participants took significantly longer to disengage from depression-related stimuli (i.e., sad faces). Individual differences in disengagement predicted lower recovery from sad mood in response to the stress induction in the MDD group. These results suggest that difficulties in attentional disengagement may contribute to the sustained negative affect that characterizes depressive disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-313
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 7 2013

Fingerprint

Major Depressive Disorder
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Eye Movements
Individuality
Recovery
Disengagement
Research
Emotion
Induction
Mood
Reactivity
Stimulus
Cognitive Bias

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Emotional processing
  • Mood regulation
  • Selective attention
  • Stress recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Attentional disengagement predicts stress recovery in depression : An eye-tracking study. / Sanchez, Alvaro; Vazquez, Carmelo; Marker, Craig; LeMoult, Joelle; Joormann, Jutta.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 122, No. 2, 07.06.2013, p. 303-313.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sanchez, A, Vazquez, C, Marker, C, LeMoult, J & Joormann, J 2013, 'Attentional disengagement predicts stress recovery in depression: An eye-tracking study', Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 303-313. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031529
Sanchez, Alvaro ; Vazquez, Carmelo ; Marker, Craig ; LeMoult, Joelle ; Joormann, Jutta. / Attentional disengagement predicts stress recovery in depression : An eye-tracking study. In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 122, No. 2. pp. 303-313.
@article{cca338829db4431abc9ee42eab81807a,
title = "Attentional disengagement predicts stress recovery in depression: An eye-tracking study",
abstract = "Previous research has made significant progress elucidating the nature of cognitive biases in emotional disorders. However, less work has focused on the relation among cognitive biases and emotional responding in clinical samples. This study uses eye-tracking toexamine difficulties disengaging attention from emotional material in depressed participants and to test its relation with mood reactivity and recovery during and after a stress induction. Participants diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and never-disordered control participants (CTL) completed a novel eye-tracking paradigm in which participants had to disengage their attention from emotional material to attend to a neutral stimulus. Time to disengage attention was computed using a direct recording of eye movements. Participants then completed a stress induction and mood reactivity and recovery were assessed. MDD compared with CTL participants took significantly longer to disengage from depression-related stimuli (i.e., sad faces). Individual differences in disengagement predicted lower recovery from sad mood in response to the stress induction in the MDD group. These results suggest that difficulties in attentional disengagement may contribute to the sustained negative affect that characterizes depressive disorders.",
keywords = "Depression, Emotional processing, Mood regulation, Selective attention, Stress recovery",
author = "Alvaro Sanchez and Carmelo Vazquez and Craig Marker and Joelle LeMoult and Jutta Joormann",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1037/a0031529",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
pages = "303--313",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Psychology",
issn = "0021-843X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attentional disengagement predicts stress recovery in depression

T2 - An eye-tracking study

AU - Sanchez, Alvaro

AU - Vazquez, Carmelo

AU - Marker, Craig

AU - LeMoult, Joelle

AU - Joormann, Jutta

PY - 2013/6/7

Y1 - 2013/6/7

N2 - Previous research has made significant progress elucidating the nature of cognitive biases in emotional disorders. However, less work has focused on the relation among cognitive biases and emotional responding in clinical samples. This study uses eye-tracking toexamine difficulties disengaging attention from emotional material in depressed participants and to test its relation with mood reactivity and recovery during and after a stress induction. Participants diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and never-disordered control participants (CTL) completed a novel eye-tracking paradigm in which participants had to disengage their attention from emotional material to attend to a neutral stimulus. Time to disengage attention was computed using a direct recording of eye movements. Participants then completed a stress induction and mood reactivity and recovery were assessed. MDD compared with CTL participants took significantly longer to disengage from depression-related stimuli (i.e., sad faces). Individual differences in disengagement predicted lower recovery from sad mood in response to the stress induction in the MDD group. These results suggest that difficulties in attentional disengagement may contribute to the sustained negative affect that characterizes depressive disorders.

AB - Previous research has made significant progress elucidating the nature of cognitive biases in emotional disorders. However, less work has focused on the relation among cognitive biases and emotional responding in clinical samples. This study uses eye-tracking toexamine difficulties disengaging attention from emotional material in depressed participants and to test its relation with mood reactivity and recovery during and after a stress induction. Participants diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and never-disordered control participants (CTL) completed a novel eye-tracking paradigm in which participants had to disengage their attention from emotional material to attend to a neutral stimulus. Time to disengage attention was computed using a direct recording of eye movements. Participants then completed a stress induction and mood reactivity and recovery were assessed. MDD compared with CTL participants took significantly longer to disengage from depression-related stimuli (i.e., sad faces). Individual differences in disengagement predicted lower recovery from sad mood in response to the stress induction in the MDD group. These results suggest that difficulties in attentional disengagement may contribute to the sustained negative affect that characterizes depressive disorders.

KW - Depression

KW - Emotional processing

KW - Mood regulation

KW - Selective attention

KW - Stress recovery

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878483123&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878483123&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0031529

DO - 10.1037/a0031529

M3 - Article

C2 - 23421524

AN - SCOPUS:84878483123

VL - 122

SP - 303

EP - 313

JO - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

SN - 0021-843X

IS - 2

ER -