We demonstrated previously that intravenous administration of exogenous atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) lowers mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP) in hypoxia-adapted rats. To test the hypothesis that endogenous ANP may also lower MPAP in this model, C-ANP-(4-23), a ring-deleted analogue of ANP that binds to the biologically silent ANP clearance receptor (C-ANP receptor) but not to the ANP biological receptor (B-ANP receptor), was administered intravenously as a bolus injection (10 μg/kg) followed by an infusion (1 μg · kg-1 · min-1 for 60 min) to rats adapted to hypoxia (10% O2) for 4 wk and to air control rats. C-ANP-(4-23) significantly lowered MPAP in hypoxic rats but not in air controls. A statistically insignificant reduction in mean systemic arterial pressure was found in both groups after C-ANP-(4-23) administeration. C-ANP-(4-23) significantly (two- to threefold) increased endogenous plasma ANP levels in both groups; the increase was not significantly different between groups. Both basal and post-C-ANP-(4-23) levels of plasma ANP were greater in hypoxia-adapted animals than in air controls; the C-ANP-induced increase in plasma ANP was not significantly different between groups. These results suggest that the endogenous ANP may modulate pulmonary vascular tone in rats with hypoxic pulmonary hypertension.
- atrial natriuretic peptide clearance receptor
- pulmonary circulation
- pulmonary hypertension
- silent-atrial natriuretic peptide receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation