Atrial fibrillation and clinical outcomes 1 to 3 years after myocardial infarction

Anthony P. Carnicelli, Ruth Owen, Stuart J. Pocock, David B. Brieger, Satoshi Yasuda, Jose Carlos Nicolau, Shaun G. Goodman, Mauricio G. Cohen, Tabassome Simon, Dirk Westermann, Katarina Hedman, Karolina Andersson Sundell, Christopher B. Granger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Atrial fibrillation (AF) and myocardial infarction (MI) are commonly comorbid and associated with adverse outcomes. Little is known about the impact of AF on quality of life and outcomes post-MI. We compared characteristics, quality of life and clinical outcomes in stable patients post-MI with/without AF. Methods/results The prospective, international, observational TIGRIS (long Term rIsk, clinical manaGement and healthcare Resource utilization of stable coronary artery dISease) registry included 8406 patients aged ≥50 years with ≥1 atherothrombotic risk factor who were 1-3 years post-MI. Patient characteristics were summarised by history of AF. Quality of life was assessed at baseline using EQ-5D. Clinical outcomes over 2 years of follow-up were compared. History of AF was present in 702/8277 (8.5%) registry patients and incident AF was diagnosed in 244/7575 (3.2%) over 2 years. Those with AF were older and had more comorbidities than those without AF. After multivariable adjustment, patients with AF had lower self-reported quality-of-life scores (EQ-5D UK-weighted index, visual analogue scale, usual activities and pain/discomfort) than those without AF. CHA 2 DS 2-VASc score ≥2 was present in 686/702 (97.7%) patients with AF, although only 348/702 (49.6%) were on oral anticoagulants at enrolment. Patients with AF had higher rates of all-cause hospitalisation (adjusted rate ratio 1.25 [1.06-1.46], p=0.008) over 2 years than those without AF, but similar rates of mortality. Conclusions In stable patients post-MI, those with AF were commonly undertreated with oral anticoagulants, had poorer quality of life and had increased risk of clinical outcomes than those without AF. Trial registration number ClinicalTrials: NCT01866904.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere001726
JournalOpen Heart
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • health services
  • myocardial infarction
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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