ATP-based cross-verification of Mizar proofs: Method, systems, and first experiments

Josef Urban, Geoff Sutcliffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Mizar is a proof assistant used for formalization and mechanical verification of mathematics. The main use of Mizar is in the development of the Mizar Mathematical Library (MML), in which proofs are verified by the Mizar proof checker. The Mizar proof checker has a quite complex implementation, and also lacks the ability to print out detailed atomic proof steps in a format that is easy to verify with an independent proof-checking tool. This can raise concerns about the correctness of the MML. This paper describes a translation of Mizar natural-deduction proofs to the TPTP format used for recording derivations from first-order automated theorem proving systems, and verification of the resulting TPTP format derivations. The system was tested on two nontrivial sets of Mizar problems: the 252 "MPTP Challenge" problems, and 245 Mizar root theorems. The results of these tests are encouraging, and indicate that cross-verification of the whole MML is feasible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-251
Number of pages21
JournalMathematics in Computer Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2008


  • Automated reasoning
  • Formalized mathematics
  • Verification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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