Asymptomatic hyperuricemia and coronary flow reserve in patients with metabolic syndrome

Seoyoung C. Kim, Marcelo F. Di Carli, Rajesh K. Garg, Kathleen Vanni, Penny Wang, Alyssa Wohlfahrt, Zhi Yu, Fengxin Lu, Anarosa Campos, Courtney F. Bibbo, Stacy Smith, Daniel H. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are at increased risk of asymptomatic hyperuricemia (i.e., elevated serum uric acid (SUA) level without gout) and cardiovascular disease. We conducted a cross-sectional study to examine associations between SUA levels and coronary flow reserve and urate deposits in carotid arteries in patients with asymptomatic hyperuricemia and MetS. Methods: Adults aged ≥40 years with MetS and SUA levels ≥6.5 mg/dl, but no gout, were eligible. Using a stress myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography (PET), we assessed myocardial blood flow (MBF) at rest and stress and calculated coronary flow reserve (CFR). CFR < 2.0 is considered abnormal and associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We also measured insulin resistance by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) method and urate deposits using dual-energy CT (DECT) of the neck for the carotid arteries. Results: Forty-four patients with the median age of 63.5 years underwent a blood test, cardiac PET and neck DECT scans. Median (IQR) SUA was 7.8 (7.1-8.4) mg/dL. The median (IQR) CFR was abnormally low at 1.9 (1.7-2.4) and the median (IQR) stress MBF was 1.7 (1.3-2.2) ml/min/g. None had urate deposits in the carotid arteries detected by DECT. In multivariable linear regression analyses, SUA had no association with CFR (β = - 0.12, p = 0.78) or stress MBF (β = - 0.52, p = 0.28). Among non-diabetic patients (n = 25), SUA was not associated with HOMA-IR (β = 2.08, p = 0.10). Conclusions: Among MetS patients with asymptomatic hyperuricemia, we found no relationship between SUA and CFR, stress MBF, and insulin resistance. No patients had any DECT detectable subclinical urate deposition in the carotid arteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17
JournalBMC Rheumatology
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronary blood flow
  • DECT
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • PET/CT
  • Uric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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