Association of self-reported physical activity with obstructive sleep apnea: Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Rosenda Murillo, Kathryn J. Reid, Elva M. Arredondo, Jianwen Cai, Marc D. Gellman, Nathan M. Gotman, David X. Marquez, Frank J. Penedo, Alberto R. Ramos, Phyllis C. Zee, Martha L. Daviglus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined associations of mild and moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 5 and ≥ 15, respectively) with recommended amounts of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) or vigorous physical activity (VPA) and by type of activity (i.e., recreational, transportation, and work activity). The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter population-based study, enrolled individuals from 2008 to 2011 from four U.S. metropolitan areas (Bronx, New York; Chicago, Illinois; Miami, Florida; San Diego, California). Participants in this study included 14,087 self-identified Hispanic/Latino ages 18 to 74 years from the HCHS/SOL. Survey logistic regression analysis was used to compute odds ratios [OR] and 95% confidence intervals [CI], adjusting for sociodemographics, smoking status, and body mass index (BMI). Relative to being inactive, performing some MVPA (> 0 to < 150 min/week) or meeting the recommended MVPA (≥ 150 min/week) were associated with lower odds of mild OSA (ORs and 95% CIs 0.70 [0.61–0.82] and 0.76 [0.63–0.91], respectively), as well as moderate to severe OSA (ORs and 95% CIs 0.76 [0.62–0.93] and 0.76 [0.59–0.98], respectively). Associations of VPA with OSA were not significant. Engaging in medium or high levels of transportation activity was associated with lower odds of mild OSA (OR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.74–0.96; OR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.43–0.95, respectively). Performing some recreational MVPA was associated with lower likelihood of mild and moderate to severe OSA (OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.71–0.93; OR: 0.79, 95% CI: 0.64–0.97, respectively). Health promotion and OSA prevention efforts should encourage individuals to engage in at least some MVPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive medicine
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Hispanic Americans
  • Motor activity
  • Sleep apnea syndromes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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