Association of left atrial pressure with left atrial volume and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide in children with cardiomyopathy

Arpit Agarwal, Suying Lam, Hua Li, Sudheer R. Gorla, Nao Sasaki, Paolo G. Rusconi, Sethuraman Swaminathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Enlargement of the left atrium is a non-invasive marker of diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle, a determinant of prognosis in children with cardiomyopathy. Similarly, N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide is a useful marker in the management of children with cardiomyopathy and heart failure. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of left atrial pressures with left atrial volume and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide in children with cardiomyopathy.Methods This was a retrospective study reviewing the medical records of patients <18 years of age, who were diagnosed with cardiomyopathy or acute myocarditis with eventual development of cardiomyopathy. Left atrial volume by transthoracic echocardiogram and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, a surrogate of left atrial pressure, obtained by means of cardiac catheterisation were analysed. In addition, N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide levels obtained at the time of the cardiac catheterisation were also reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the association of left atrial pressures with left atrial volume and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide levels.Results There was a linear correlation of left atrial pressure estimated in the cardiac catheterisation with indexed left atrial volume (r=0.63; p<0.001) and left atrial volume z-scores (r=0.59; p<0.001). We found no statistically significant association between the left atrial pressure and N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide levels.Conclusions Left atrial volume measured non-invasively by echocardiography can be used as a surrogate for left atrial pressure in assessing diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle in children with cardiomyopathy. The larger the size of the left atrium, worse is the diastolic function of the left ventricle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1333-1337
Number of pages5
JournalCardiology in the young
Volume28
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide
  • left atrial pressure
  • left atrial volume

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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