Association of IFT88 gene variants with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate

Amanda Barba, Christian Urbina, Lorena Maili, Matthew R. Greives, Steven J. Blackwell, John B. Mulliken, Brett Chiquet, Susan H. Blanton, Jacqueline T. Hecht, Ariadne Letra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCLP) is a common birth defect with multifactorial etiology. Genetic studies have identified numerous gene variants in association with NSCLP. IFT88 (intraflagellar transport 88) has been suggested to play a major role in craniofacial development, as Ift88 mutant mice exhibit cleft palate and mutations in IFT88 were identified in individuals with NSCLP. Objective: To investigate the association of IFT88 single nucleotide gene variants (SNVs) with NSCLP in a large family data set consisting of non-Hispanic white (NHW) and Hispanic families. Methods: Nine SNVs in/nearby IFT88 were genotyped in 482 NHW families and 301 Hispanic NSCLP families. Genotyping was performed using TaqMan® chemistry. Single- and pairwise-SNV association analyses were performed for all families stratified by ethnicity and family history of NSCLP using the family-based association test (FBAT), and association in the presence of linkage (APL). Bonferroni correction was used to adjust for multiple testing and p values ≤.0055 were considered statistically significant. Results: Significant association was found between IFT88 rs9509311 and rs2497490 and NSCLP in NHW all families (p =.004 and.005, respectively), while nominal associations were found for rs7998361 and rs9509307 (p <.05). Pairwise association analyses also showed nominal associations between NSCLP in both NHW and Hispanic data sets (p <.05). No association was found between individual variants in IFT88 and NSCLP in Hispanics. Conclusions: Our results suggest that variation in IFT88 may contribute to NSCLP risk, particularly in multiplex families from a non-Hispanic white population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-665
Number of pages7
JournalBirth Defects Research
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019


  • IFT88
  • association
  • cleft lip/palate
  • gene
  • nonsyndromic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Embryology
  • Toxicology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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