Association of Cardiac Troponin, CK-MB, and Postoperative Myocardial Ischemia with Long-Term Survival after Major Vascular Surgery

Giora Landesberg, Vadim Shatz, Inna Akopnik, Yehuda G. Wolf, Michael Mayer, Yacov Berlatzky, Charles Weissman, Morris Mosseri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term prognosis with postoperative markers of myocardial ischemia and infarction. BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are superior to creatine kinase-MB fraction (CK-MB) in detecting perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI). However, their threshold levels signifying PMI and their long-term prognostic value are not yet determined. METHODS: A cohort of 447 consecutive patients who underwent 501 major vascular procedures was prospectively studied. Perioperative continuous 12-lead electrocardiogram monitoring, cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) and/or cardiac troponin-T (cTn-T), and CK-MB levels on the first three postoperative days, and long-term survival were determined. The association of different cutoff levels of CK-MB, troponin, and ischemia duration with long-term survival was investigated. RESULTS: Between 14 (2.9%) and 107 (23.9%) of the patients sustained PMI, depending on the biochemical criteria used. Elevated postoperative CK-MB, cTn, and prolonged (>30 min) ischemia, at all cutoff levels examined, predicted long-term mortality independent of the preoperative predictors: patient's age, type of vascular surgery, previous myocardial infarction, and renal failure (Cox multivariate analysis). Both CK-MB >10% and cTn-I >1.5 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.1 ng/ml independently predicted a 3.75-fold and 2.06-fold increase in long-term mortality (p = 0.006 and 0.012, respectively). Similarly, both CK-MB >5% and cTn-I >0.6 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.03 ng/ml independently predicted a 2.15-fold and 1.89-fold increase in mortality (p = 0.018 and 0.01, respectively). Patients with both these markers elevated had a 4.19-fold increase in mortality (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative CK-MB and troponin, even at low cutoff levels, are independent and complementary predictors of long-term mortality after major vascular surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1547-1554
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume42
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2003
Externally publishedYes

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MB Form Creatine Kinase
Troponin
Myocardial Ischemia
Blood Vessels
Survival
Myocardial Infarction
Troponin T
Troponin I
Mortality
Ischemia
Renal Insufficiency
Electrocardiography
Multivariate Analysis
Heart Failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Association of Cardiac Troponin, CK-MB, and Postoperative Myocardial Ischemia with Long-Term Survival after Major Vascular Surgery. / Landesberg, Giora; Shatz, Vadim; Akopnik, Inna; Wolf, Yehuda G.; Mayer, Michael; Berlatzky, Yacov; Weissman, Charles; Mosseri, Morris.

In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 42, No. 9, 05.11.2003, p. 1547-1554.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Landesberg, Giora ; Shatz, Vadim ; Akopnik, Inna ; Wolf, Yehuda G. ; Mayer, Michael ; Berlatzky, Yacov ; Weissman, Charles ; Mosseri, Morris. / Association of Cardiac Troponin, CK-MB, and Postoperative Myocardial Ischemia with Long-Term Survival after Major Vascular Surgery. In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2003 ; Vol. 42, No. 9. pp. 1547-1554.
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title = "Association of Cardiac Troponin, CK-MB, and Postoperative Myocardial Ischemia with Long-Term Survival after Major Vascular Surgery",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term prognosis with postoperative markers of myocardial ischemia and infarction. BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are superior to creatine kinase-MB fraction (CK-MB) in detecting perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI). However, their threshold levels signifying PMI and their long-term prognostic value are not yet determined. METHODS: A cohort of 447 consecutive patients who underwent 501 major vascular procedures was prospectively studied. Perioperative continuous 12-lead electrocardiogram monitoring, cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) and/or cardiac troponin-T (cTn-T), and CK-MB levels on the first three postoperative days, and long-term survival were determined. The association of different cutoff levels of CK-MB, troponin, and ischemia duration with long-term survival was investigated. RESULTS: Between 14 (2.9{\%}) and 107 (23.9{\%}) of the patients sustained PMI, depending on the biochemical criteria used. Elevated postoperative CK-MB, cTn, and prolonged (>30 min) ischemia, at all cutoff levels examined, predicted long-term mortality independent of the preoperative predictors: patient's age, type of vascular surgery, previous myocardial infarction, and renal failure (Cox multivariate analysis). Both CK-MB >10{\%} and cTn-I >1.5 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.1 ng/ml independently predicted a 3.75-fold and 2.06-fold increase in long-term mortality (p = 0.006 and 0.012, respectively). Similarly, both CK-MB >5{\%} and cTn-I >0.6 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.03 ng/ml independently predicted a 2.15-fold and 1.89-fold increase in mortality (p = 0.018 and 0.01, respectively). Patients with both these markers elevated had a 4.19-fold increase in mortality (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative CK-MB and troponin, even at low cutoff levels, are independent and complementary predictors of long-term mortality after major vascular surgery.",
author = "Giora Landesberg and Vadim Shatz and Inna Akopnik and Wolf, {Yehuda G.} and Michael Mayer and Yacov Berlatzky and Charles Weissman and Morris Mosseri",
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T1 - Association of Cardiac Troponin, CK-MB, and Postoperative Myocardial Ischemia with Long-Term Survival after Major Vascular Surgery

AU - Landesberg, Giora

AU - Shatz, Vadim

AU - Akopnik, Inna

AU - Wolf, Yehuda G.

AU - Mayer, Michael

AU - Berlatzky, Yacov

AU - Weissman, Charles

AU - Mosseri, Morris

PY - 2003/11/5

Y1 - 2003/11/5

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term prognosis with postoperative markers of myocardial ischemia and infarction. BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are superior to creatine kinase-MB fraction (CK-MB) in detecting perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI). However, their threshold levels signifying PMI and their long-term prognostic value are not yet determined. METHODS: A cohort of 447 consecutive patients who underwent 501 major vascular procedures was prospectively studied. Perioperative continuous 12-lead electrocardiogram monitoring, cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) and/or cardiac troponin-T (cTn-T), and CK-MB levels on the first three postoperative days, and long-term survival were determined. The association of different cutoff levels of CK-MB, troponin, and ischemia duration with long-term survival was investigated. RESULTS: Between 14 (2.9%) and 107 (23.9%) of the patients sustained PMI, depending on the biochemical criteria used. Elevated postoperative CK-MB, cTn, and prolonged (>30 min) ischemia, at all cutoff levels examined, predicted long-term mortality independent of the preoperative predictors: patient's age, type of vascular surgery, previous myocardial infarction, and renal failure (Cox multivariate analysis). Both CK-MB >10% and cTn-I >1.5 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.1 ng/ml independently predicted a 3.75-fold and 2.06-fold increase in long-term mortality (p = 0.006 and 0.012, respectively). Similarly, both CK-MB >5% and cTn-I >0.6 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.03 ng/ml independently predicted a 2.15-fold and 1.89-fold increase in mortality (p = 0.018 and 0.01, respectively). Patients with both these markers elevated had a 4.19-fold increase in mortality (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative CK-MB and troponin, even at low cutoff levels, are independent and complementary predictors of long-term mortality after major vascular surgery.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term prognosis with postoperative markers of myocardial ischemia and infarction. BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are superior to creatine kinase-MB fraction (CK-MB) in detecting perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI). However, their threshold levels signifying PMI and their long-term prognostic value are not yet determined. METHODS: A cohort of 447 consecutive patients who underwent 501 major vascular procedures was prospectively studied. Perioperative continuous 12-lead electrocardiogram monitoring, cardiac troponin-I (cTn-I) and/or cardiac troponin-T (cTn-T), and CK-MB levels on the first three postoperative days, and long-term survival were determined. The association of different cutoff levels of CK-MB, troponin, and ischemia duration with long-term survival was investigated. RESULTS: Between 14 (2.9%) and 107 (23.9%) of the patients sustained PMI, depending on the biochemical criteria used. Elevated postoperative CK-MB, cTn, and prolonged (>30 min) ischemia, at all cutoff levels examined, predicted long-term mortality independent of the preoperative predictors: patient's age, type of vascular surgery, previous myocardial infarction, and renal failure (Cox multivariate analysis). Both CK-MB >10% and cTn-I >1.5 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.1 ng/ml independently predicted a 3.75-fold and 2.06-fold increase in long-term mortality (p = 0.006 and 0.012, respectively). Similarly, both CK-MB >5% and cTn-I >0.6 ng/ml and/or cTn-T >0.03 ng/ml independently predicted a 2.15-fold and 1.89-fold increase in mortality (p = 0.018 and 0.01, respectively). Patients with both these markers elevated had a 4.19-fold increase in mortality (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative CK-MB and troponin, even at low cutoff levels, are independent and complementary predictors of long-term mortality after major vascular surgery.

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