Association between intervertebral disc degeneration and cigarette smoking: Clinical and experimental findings

Alicia R. Jackson, Arjun A. Dhawale, Mark D. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerous clinical and epidemiological studies have investigated the correlation between cigarette smoking and disc degeneration; several investigators have cited possible confounding factors as the reason for the insignificant correlations. " Experimental studies investigating the effects of cigarette smoking on the intervertebral disc using both in vivo and in vitro models have found reduced nutritional supply, histological and morphological changes, and altered cellular activity and viability in the disc following exposure to cigarette smoke and/or its constituents. " Additional studies are necessary to better identify the pathological mechanisms of smoking-induced disc degeneration and spine pain and to better establish the correlation between these factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJBJS reviews
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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