Association between exposure to household cigarette smoking behavior and cigarette smoking in Hispanic adults: Findings from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

E. L. Navas-Nacher, M. A. Kelley, O. Birnbaum-Weitzman, P. Gonzalez, A. L. Ghiachello, R. C. Kaplan, D. J. Lee, F. C. Bandiera, S. I. Bangdiwala, R. G. Barr, M. L. Daviglus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cigarette smoking behavior is highly determined by social influences during childhood and adolescence. This phenomenon has not been fully evaluated in the Hispanic/Latino population. Purpose: To examine the association between exposure to household cigarette smoking behavior (HCSB) and adult cigarette smoking among a diverse Hispanic/Latino population living in four US urban centers. The effect of acculturation on cigarette smoking was also evaluated. Methods: Data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) (n. = 13,231, ages 18-74. years, collected between March 2008 and June 2011) were analyzed using logistic regression. Results: HCSB exposure was an independent risk factor for adult current cigarette smoking in Hispanic/Latinos (OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.4, 2.1) after controlling for relevant confounders including socio-demographic and cultural factors. Cubans and Puerto Ricans had the highest prevalence of HCSB exposure (59% and 47% respectively) and highest prevalence of current cigarette smoking (26% and 32%) compared with other Hispanic/Latino groups, (p < .01). Conclusions: Our data suggest that exposure to HCSB in Hispanics/Latinos living in the US is an independent predictor of adult cigarette smoking, and this association appears to be strongest in Cubans and Puerto Ricans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive medicine
Volume77
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Ethnocultural groups
  • Hispanics
  • Household
  • Latinos
  • Social influences
  • Tobacco use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Navas-Nacher, E. L., Kelley, M. A., Birnbaum-Weitzman, O., Gonzalez, P., Ghiachello, A. L., Kaplan, R. C., Lee, D. J., Bandiera, F. C., Bangdiwala, S. I., Barr, R. G., & Daviglus, M. L. (2015). Association between exposure to household cigarette smoking behavior and cigarette smoking in Hispanic adults: Findings from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Preventive medicine, 77, 35-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.04.011