Association Between Cardiovascular Fitness and Metabolic Syndrome Among American Workers

John E. Lewis, Stacy E. Cutrono, Nicole Hodgson, William G. LeBlanc, Kristopher L. Arheart, Lora E. Fleming, David J. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between cardiovascular fitness and metabolic syndrome across occupational groups using a nationally representative sample of the US population. METHODS: Respondents aged 18 to 49 years from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were evaluated for cardiovascular fitness and classified with regard to metabolic syndrome. Comparisons were made across 40 occupational categories. RESULTS: For all occupations with and without metabolic syndrome, the estimated maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) was 38.8 mL/kg/min (standard error = 0.5) and 41.1 mL/kg/min (standard error = 0.2), respectively. The estimated VO2max was higher for those without metabolic syndrome for most occupational groups, particularly for sales supervisors and proprietors, sales representatives, finance, business, and commodities, and freight, stock, and material movers. CONCLUSIONS: Low estimated VO2max among workers with metabolic syndrome can be addressed, in part, by workplace interventions designed to increase fitness. This study identifies priority occupational groups for these interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 13 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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