Assessment of the peak systolic velocity of the middle cerebral artery in twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Part I: preoperative assessment

Eftichia V. Kontopoulos, Rubén A. Quintero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We sought to assess the incidence of an elevated peak systolic velocity of the middle cerebral artery (MCA-PSV) in twin-twin transfusion syndrome prior to laser surgery and its prognostic value for intrauterine fetal demise 24 hours after surgery (IUFD-24). Study Design: An elevated MCA-PSV was defined as a velocity > .5 multiples of the median by transabdominal pulsed Doppler. Gestational age, Quintero stage, and number and/or type of placental vascular anastomoses were assessed as risk factors for an elevated MCA-PSV. Risk of IUFD-24 was assessed relative to an elevated MCA-PSV. Results: An elevated MCA-PSV was present in 4.2% of donors, 3.2% of recipients (P = .5), and 1.5% of both twins in 189 patients with twin-twin transfusion syndrome. An elevated MCA-PSV was unrelated to gestational age, stage, and number or type of anastomoses. An elevated MCA-PSV in the recipient twin was associated with an increased risk of IUFD-24 of this fetus (P = .01). Conclusions: An elevated MCA-PSV is present in < 5% of donor and recipient twins. An elevated MCA-PSV is a risk factor for IUFD-24 of the recipient twin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61.e1-61.e5
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Doppler ultrasound
  • fetal anemia
  • intrauterine fetal demise
  • laser therapy
  • twin-twin transfusion syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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