Purpose To compare the in vitro effect of rose bengal and riboflavin as photosensitizing agents for photodynamic therapy (PDT) on fungal isolates that are common causes of fungal keratitis. Design Experimental study. Methods Three isolates (Fusarium solani, Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans) recovered from patients with confirmed fungal keratitis were used in the experiments. Isolates were grown on Sabouraud-Dextrose agar, swabbed, and prepared in suspension, and 1 mL aliquots were inoculated onto test plates in triplicate. Test plates were separated into 5 groups: Group 1, no treatment; Group 2, 0.1% rose bengal alone; Group 3, 518 nm irradiation alone; Group 4, riboflavin PDT (riboflavin + 375 nm irradiation); and Group 5, rose bengal PDT (rose bengal + 518 nm irradiation). Irradiation was performed over a circular area using either a green light-emitting diode (LED) array (peak wavelength: 518 nm) or an ultraviolet-A LED array (peak wavelength: 375 nm). Test plates were irradiated with an energy density of 5.4 J/cm2. Later, plates were placed in a 30 C incubator and observed for growth. Results Rose bengal-mediated PDT successfully inhibited the growth of all 3 fungal isolates in the irradiated area. All other groups exhibited unrestricted growth throughout the plate. Conclusions Rose bengal-mediated PDT successfully inhibited the growth of 3 types of fungi. No other experimental groups, including riboflavin-mediated PDT, had any inhibitory effect on the isolates. The results might be useful for the treatment of patients suffering from corneal infection.
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