Assessment of occupational safety risks in Floridian solid waste systems using Bayesian analysis

Mehrad Bastani, Nurcin Celik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Safety risks embedded within solid waste management systems continue to be a significant issue and are prevalent at every step in the solid waste management process. To recognise and address these occupational hazards, it is necessary to discover the potential safety concerns that cause them, as well as their direct and/or indirect impacts on the different types of solid waste workers. In this research, our goal is to statistically assess occupational safety risks to solid waste workers in the state of Florida. Here, we first review the related standard industrial codes to major solid waste management methods including recycling, incineration, landfilling, and composting. Then, a quantitative assessment of major risks is conducted based on the data collected using a Bayesian data analysis and predictive methods. The risks estimated in this study for the period of 2005-2012 are then compared with historical statistics (1993-1997) from previous assessment studies. The results have shown that the injury rates among refuse collectors in both musculoskeletal and dermal injuries have decreased from 88 and 15 to 16 and three injuries per 1000 workers, respectively. However, a contrasting trend is observed for the injury rates among recycling workers, for whom musculoskeletal and dermal injuries have increased from 13 and four injuries to 14 and six injuries per 1000 workers, respectively. Lastly, a linear regression model has been proposed to identify major elements of the high number of musculoskeletal and dermal injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-907
Number of pages14
JournalWaste Management and Research
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 24 2015

Keywords

  • injuries
  • municipal solid waste disposal
  • Risk assessment
  • safety
  • solid waste management
  • statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution

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