Assessment for oil spill chemicals: Current knowledge, data gaps, and uncertainties addressing human physical health risk

Alesia Ferguson, Helena Solo-Gabriele, Kristina Mena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Limited models are available to estimate human physical health risks (e.g., probability of outcomes such as lung disease, cancer, skin disease) from exposure to chemicals resulting from oil spills that may occur offshore and later impact coastline spills. An approach is presented to assess physical health risks from oil spills that involves establishing a platform capable of assessing aggregate health risk (via inhalation, ingestion, and dermal exposure routes). Gaps include the need to develop models reflecting oil spill concentration distributions given the influence from environmental, physical, biological and chemical factors. Human activities need to be quantified for different populations including emergency response workers, fishermen, shellfish consumers, and children who play at beaches that may be impacted by oil spills. Work is also needed in developing comprehensive toxicological profiles for the majority of chemicals - including dispersants found in oil spills - and to estimate toxicity from mixtures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110746
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume150
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Fate and transport of oil spill chemicals
  • Human exposures to OSCs
  • Oil spill chemicals (OSCs)
  • Oil spill management
  • Risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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