Assessing the utility of non-surgical treatments in the management of vocal process granulomas

J. R. Rudman, C. S. McGee, J. Diaz, D. E. Rosow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To determine whether patients would have equivalent or improved outcomes when receiving non-surgical management versus surgical removal for vocal process granulomas.Methods A chart review was performed for 53 adults with vocal process granulomas. All patients received baseline anti-reflux treatment consisting of twice-daily proton pump inhibitors and vocal hygiene education. Further treatment approaches were divided into non-surgical (i.e. inhaled corticosteroids, voice therapy, botulinum toxin injections) and surgical groups. Subjective parameters (Voice Handicap Index 10 and Reflux Symptom Index) and outcomes were tabulated and statistically compared. Cause of granuloma was also analysed to determine if this influenced outcomes.Results Of 53 patients, 47 (89 per cent) experienced reduction in granuloma size, while 37 (70 per cent) experienced complete resolution. The rate of complete granuloma resolution after initial treatment strategy alone was significantly higher in non-surgical compared to surgical patients (67 and 30 per cent, respectively; p = 0.039). No difference in outcome was seen between iatrogenic and idiopathic granulomas.Conclusion Non-surgical patients were more likely to experience initial treatment success than those who underwent surgical removal. Continued emphasis should be placed on conservative treatment options prior to surgery for patients with this condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-73
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
Volume134
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Arytenoid Cartilage
  • Laryngeal Granuloma
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vocal Cords

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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