Assessing the relationships among spiritual social support, stress, and anxiety

Does extraversion also play a role in the coping process?

Neal Krause, Kenneth I. Pargament, Gail Ironson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research indicates that people with strong social support networks tend to cope more effectively with stressful life events. This study aims to contribute to this literature in three ways. First, we assess spiritual social support that was received in religious institutions. Spiritual support is assistance that is provided with the explicit purpose of increasing the religious beliefs and behaviors of the recipient. Second, an effort was made to see if potential stress-moderating effects of spiritual support are more likely to arise among extraverts than among introverts. Third the data come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 1657). Statistical tests were performed to see if there is a three-way interaction between stress, spiritual support, and extraversion on anxiety. The findings indicate that strong spiritual support moderates the relationship between stress and anxiety, but only among highly extraverted study participants. In contrast, spiritual support tends to exacerbate the relationship between stress and anxiety among study participants with very low extraversion scores (i.e., introverts). The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 16 2017

Fingerprint

Social Support
Anxiety
Religion
Research
Extraversion (Psychology)
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Extraversion
  • Spiritual support
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Assessing the relationships among spiritual social support, stress, and anxiety : Does extraversion also play a role in the coping process? / Krause, Neal; Pargament, Kenneth I.; Ironson, Gail.

In: Current Psychology, 16.12.2017, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{16934c2588b74e50becfccf347983db7,
title = "Assessing the relationships among spiritual social support, stress, and anxiety: Does extraversion also play a role in the coping process?",
abstract = "Research indicates that people with strong social support networks tend to cope more effectively with stressful life events. This study aims to contribute to this literature in three ways. First, we assess spiritual social support that was received in religious institutions. Spiritual support is assistance that is provided with the explicit purpose of increasing the religious beliefs and behaviors of the recipient. Second, an effort was made to see if potential stress-moderating effects of spiritual support are more likely to arise among extraverts than among introverts. Third the data come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 1657). Statistical tests were performed to see if there is a three-way interaction between stress, spiritual support, and extraversion on anxiety. The findings indicate that strong spiritual support moderates the relationship between stress and anxiety, but only among highly extraverted study participants. In contrast, spiritual support tends to exacerbate the relationship between stress and anxiety among study participants with very low extraversion scores (i.e., introverts). The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Extraversion, Spiritual support, Stress",
author = "Neal Krause and Pargament, {Kenneth I.} and Gail Ironson",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1007/s12144-017-9764-8",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Current Psychology",
issn = "0737-8262",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the relationships among spiritual social support, stress, and anxiety

T2 - Does extraversion also play a role in the coping process?

AU - Krause, Neal

AU - Pargament, Kenneth I.

AU - Ironson, Gail

PY - 2017/12/16

Y1 - 2017/12/16

N2 - Research indicates that people with strong social support networks tend to cope more effectively with stressful life events. This study aims to contribute to this literature in three ways. First, we assess spiritual social support that was received in religious institutions. Spiritual support is assistance that is provided with the explicit purpose of increasing the religious beliefs and behaviors of the recipient. Second, an effort was made to see if potential stress-moderating effects of spiritual support are more likely to arise among extraverts than among introverts. Third the data come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 1657). Statistical tests were performed to see if there is a three-way interaction between stress, spiritual support, and extraversion on anxiety. The findings indicate that strong spiritual support moderates the relationship between stress and anxiety, but only among highly extraverted study participants. In contrast, spiritual support tends to exacerbate the relationship between stress and anxiety among study participants with very low extraversion scores (i.e., introverts). The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.

AB - Research indicates that people with strong social support networks tend to cope more effectively with stressful life events. This study aims to contribute to this literature in three ways. First, we assess spiritual social support that was received in religious institutions. Spiritual support is assistance that is provided with the explicit purpose of increasing the religious beliefs and behaviors of the recipient. Second, an effort was made to see if potential stress-moderating effects of spiritual support are more likely to arise among extraverts than among introverts. Third the data come from a recent nationwide survey (N = 1657). Statistical tests were performed to see if there is a three-way interaction between stress, spiritual support, and extraversion on anxiety. The findings indicate that strong spiritual support moderates the relationship between stress and anxiety, but only among highly extraverted study participants. In contrast, spiritual support tends to exacerbate the relationship between stress and anxiety among study participants with very low extraversion scores (i.e., introverts). The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Extraversion

KW - Spiritual support

KW - Stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038127714&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85038127714&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12144-017-9764-8

DO - 10.1007/s12144-017-9764-8

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Current Psychology

JF - Current Psychology

SN - 0737-8262

ER -