Assessing appearance-related disturbances in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM): Psychometrics of the body change and distress questionnaire-short form (ABCD-SF)

Aaron J. Blashill, Johannes M. Wilson, Joshua S. Baker, Kenneth H. Mayer, Steven Safren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Appearance-related disturbances are common among HIV-infected MSM; however, to date, there have been limited options in the valid assessment of this construct. The aim of the current study was to assess the structural, internal, and convergent validity of the assessment of body change distress questionnaire (ABCD) and its short version. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses indicated that both versions fit the data well. Four subfactors were revealed measuring the following body disturbance constructs: (1) negative affect about appearance, (2) HIV health-related outcomes and stigma, (3) eating and exercise confusion, and (4) ART non-adherence. The subfactors and total scores revealed bivariate associations with salient health outcomes, including depressive symptoms, HIV sexual transmission risk behaviors, and ART non-adherence. The ABCD and its short form, offer valid means to assess varied aspects of body image disturbance among HIV-infected MSM, and require modest participant burden.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075-1084
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psychometrics
HIV
Confusion
HIV-2
Body Image
Health
Risk-Taking
Statistical Factor Analysis
Eating
Exercise
Depression
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Body image disturbance
  • Health outcomes
  • HIV
  • MSM
  • Scale development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Social Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Assessing appearance-related disturbances in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) : Psychometrics of the body change and distress questionnaire-short form (ABCD-SF). / Blashill, Aaron J.; Wilson, Johannes M.; Baker, Joshua S.; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Safren, Steven.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2014, p. 1075-1084.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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