This report updates concepts on hypertension management in patients with diabetes. It focuses on clinical outcomes literature published within the last 3 years and incorporates these observations into modifications of established guidelines. While the fundamentals of treatment and goal blood pressures remain unchanged, approaches to specific patient-related issues has changed. This update focuses on questions such as what to do when a patient has an elevated potassium level when therapy is initiated and whether combinations of agents that block the renin-angiotensin system still be used. In addition, there are updates from trials, just published and in press, that focus on related management issues influencing cardiovascular outcomes in persons with diabetes. Last, an updated algorithm is provided that incorporates many of the new findings and is suggested as a starting point to achieve blood pressure goals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine