As Simple as Black and White: The Presence of Racial Diversity in Simulation Product Advertisements

Cynthia Foronda, Diana Lyn Baptiste, Jessica Ockimey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Background This study examined 2,035 body parts and 395 full-sized manikins within simulation catalogues/brochures distributed at an international simulation conference. Method This study employed a quantitative, descriptive design. Results Ninety-four percent of the body parts displayed were White and 6% were Black. Of the manikins, 94% were White and 6% were Black, a disproportionate representation of the population. Conclusion We recommend changing policy in simulation to require diversity as a standard to influence manufacturers and educators to provide inclusive learning environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-27
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Simulation in Nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017



  • advertisements
  • diversity
  • inclusion
  • manikin
  • race
  • simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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