Artifacts in T1ρ-weighted imaging: Compensation for B1 and B0 field imperfections

Walter R.T. Witschey, Arijitt Borthakur, Mark A. Elliott, Eric Mellon, Sampreet Niyogi, Daniel J. Wallman, Chenyang Wang, Ravinder Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations


The origin of spin locking image artifacts in the presence of B0 and B1 magnetic field imperfections is shown theoretically using the Bloch equations and experimentally at low (ω1 ≪ Δω0), intermediate (ω1 ∼ Δω0) and high (ω1 ≫ Δω0) spin locking field strengths. At low spin locking fields, the magnetization is shown to oscillate about an effective field in the rotating frame causing signature banding artifacts in the image. At high spin lock fields, the effect of the resonance offset Δω0 is quenched, but imperfections in the flip angle cause oscillations about the ω1 field. A new pulse sequence is presented that consists of an integrated spin echo and spin lock experiment followed by magnetization storage along the -z-axis. It is shown that this sequence almost entirely eliminates banding artifacts from both types of field inhomogeneities at all spin locking field strengths. The sequence was used to obtain artifact free images of agarose in inhomogeneous B0 and B1 fields, off-resonance spins in fat and in vivo human brain images at 3 T. The new pulse sequence can be used to probe very low frequency (0-400 Hz) dynamic and static interactions in tissues without contaminating B0 and B1 field artifacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Inhomogeneous B and B fields
  • Off-resonance T1ρ
  • Relaxation
  • Spin locking
  • T1ρ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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