We describe a renal arteriovenous malformation in a patient with a 1-month history of flank pain. Imaging studies were interpreted as being consistent with renal-cell carcinoma. However, Doppler ultrasonography demonstrated turbulent blood flow, and selective renal angiography confirmed the diagnosis of an arteriovenous malformation. Embolization relieved the pain. This case calls attention to the need to consider arteriovenous malformations in the differential diagnosis of central homogenously enhancing renal lesions.
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