Are Eating Disorders Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Juan P. González-Rivas, José R. Medina-Inojosa, Hermes J Florez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent Findings: Eating disorders (ED) affect energy intake modifying body fat depots. Prior evidence suggests that binge eating disorder (BED) and bulimia nervosa (BN) could increase the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D), while anorexia nervosa (AN) could reduce it. Purpose of Review: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate if ED are risk factors for T2D. Summary: Ten studies were selected out of 1057 screened. Meta-analysis of six studies with T2D as outcome is reported. Among cross-sectional studies, both BED (OR 3.69, 95% CI [1.12–12.12]) and BN (OR 3.45 [1.92–6.1]) increased the risk of T2D, while AN was not associated with lower risk (OR 0.87 [0.40–1.88]). Cohort studies showed increased risk of T2D with BN (RR 1.7 [1.2–2.5]), and decreased risk with AN (RR 0.71 [0.52–0.98]), but for BED the association was less clear (OR 3.34 [0.85–13.12]). Limitations of studies and recommendations for future research are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number138
JournalCurrent Diabetes Reports
Volume17
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Meta-Analysis
Binge-Eating Disorder
Bulimia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa
Energy Intake
Adipose Tissue
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Feeding and Eating Disorders

Keywords

  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Binge eating disorder
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Eating disorders
  • Night eating syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Are Eating Disorders Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. / Nieto-Martínez, Ramfis; González-Rivas, Juan P.; Medina-Inojosa, José R.; Florez, Hermes J.

In: Current Diabetes Reports, Vol. 17, No. 12, 138, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Nieto-Martínez, Ramfis ; González-Rivas, Juan P. ; Medina-Inojosa, José R. ; Florez, Hermes J. / Are Eating Disorders Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. In: Current Diabetes Reports. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 12.
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