Are Community Studies of Psychological Trauma's Impact Accurate? A Study Among Jews and Palestinians

Stevan E. Hobfoll, Daphna Canetti, Brian J. Hall, Danny Brom, Patrick A. Palmieri, Robert Johnson, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Sandro Galea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the accuracy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) diagnoses using brief assessment instruments conducted by phone. PTSD and MD were assessed by telephone interview in a randomly selected sample of Jewish and Palestinian residents of Jerusalem (N = 150) during a period of marked threat of terrorism and war. We utilized the PTSD Symptom Scale Interview Format (Foa, Riggs, Dancu, & Rothbaum, 1993) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001). We then conducted in-depth, in-person interviews within 2 weeks, assessing PTSD and MD using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI; Kessler et al., 2004). The prevalence of PTSD and MD diagnosis ascertained by the 2 assessment modalities was similar. Indices of classification accuracy for the phone interview, using the in-person interview as the standard, ranged from modest to high. Brief phone and in-depth in-person measures of PTSD and MD also correlated similarly with other demographic, stress, and coping factors, suggesting convergent validity. Brief phone interviews appear useful for estimating the prevalence of psychological disorders in mass casualty contexts and may have a critical role in both epidemiologic work and guiding public health interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Fingerprint

Jews
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Interviews
Depression
Mass Casualty Incidents
Terrorism
Psychological Trauma
Public Health
Demography
Psychology
Health

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Mass casualty
  • PTSD
  • Survey methodology
  • Terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Are Community Studies of Psychological Trauma's Impact Accurate? A Study Among Jews and Palestinians. / Hobfoll, Stevan E.; Canetti, Daphna; Hall, Brian J.; Brom, Danny; Palmieri, Patrick A.; Johnson, Robert; Pat-Horenczyk, Ruth; Galea, Sandro.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 23, No. 3, 09.2011, p. 599-605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hobfoll, SE, Canetti, D, Hall, BJ, Brom, D, Palmieri, PA, Johnson, R, Pat-Horenczyk, R & Galea, S 2011, 'Are Community Studies of Psychological Trauma's Impact Accurate? A Study Among Jews and Palestinians', Psychological Assessment, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 599-605. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022817
Hobfoll, Stevan E. ; Canetti, Daphna ; Hall, Brian J. ; Brom, Danny ; Palmieri, Patrick A. ; Johnson, Robert ; Pat-Horenczyk, Ruth ; Galea, Sandro. / Are Community Studies of Psychological Trauma's Impact Accurate? A Study Among Jews and Palestinians. In: Psychological Assessment. 2011 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 599-605.
@article{048c59b0a9a04ab8a78faaecddb4f03f,
title = "Are Community Studies of Psychological Trauma's Impact Accurate? A Study Among Jews and Palestinians",
abstract = "We evaluated the accuracy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) diagnoses using brief assessment instruments conducted by phone. PTSD and MD were assessed by telephone interview in a randomly selected sample of Jewish and Palestinian residents of Jerusalem (N = 150) during a period of marked threat of terrorism and war. We utilized the PTSD Symptom Scale Interview Format (Foa, Riggs, Dancu, & Rothbaum, 1993) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001). We then conducted in-depth, in-person interviews within 2 weeks, assessing PTSD and MD using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI; Kessler et al., 2004). The prevalence of PTSD and MD diagnosis ascertained by the 2 assessment modalities was similar. Indices of classification accuracy for the phone interview, using the in-person interview as the standard, ranged from modest to high. Brief phone and in-depth in-person measures of PTSD and MD also correlated similarly with other demographic, stress, and coping factors, suggesting convergent validity. Brief phone interviews appear useful for estimating the prevalence of psychological disorders in mass casualty contexts and may have a critical role in both epidemiologic work and guiding public health interventions.",
keywords = "Depression, Mass casualty, PTSD, Survey methodology, Terrorism",
author = "Hobfoll, {Stevan E.} and Daphna Canetti and Hall, {Brian J.} and Danny Brom and Palmieri, {Patrick A.} and Robert Johnson and Ruth Pat-Horenczyk and Sandro Galea",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1037/a0022817",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "599--605",
journal = "Psychological Assessment",
issn = "1040-3590",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are Community Studies of Psychological Trauma's Impact Accurate? A Study Among Jews and Palestinians

AU - Hobfoll, Stevan E.

AU - Canetti, Daphna

AU - Hall, Brian J.

AU - Brom, Danny

AU - Palmieri, Patrick A.

AU - Johnson, Robert

AU - Pat-Horenczyk, Ruth

AU - Galea, Sandro

PY - 2011/9

Y1 - 2011/9

N2 - We evaluated the accuracy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) diagnoses using brief assessment instruments conducted by phone. PTSD and MD were assessed by telephone interview in a randomly selected sample of Jewish and Palestinian residents of Jerusalem (N = 150) during a period of marked threat of terrorism and war. We utilized the PTSD Symptom Scale Interview Format (Foa, Riggs, Dancu, & Rothbaum, 1993) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001). We then conducted in-depth, in-person interviews within 2 weeks, assessing PTSD and MD using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI; Kessler et al., 2004). The prevalence of PTSD and MD diagnosis ascertained by the 2 assessment modalities was similar. Indices of classification accuracy for the phone interview, using the in-person interview as the standard, ranged from modest to high. Brief phone and in-depth in-person measures of PTSD and MD also correlated similarly with other demographic, stress, and coping factors, suggesting convergent validity. Brief phone interviews appear useful for estimating the prevalence of psychological disorders in mass casualty contexts and may have a critical role in both epidemiologic work and guiding public health interventions.

AB - We evaluated the accuracy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) diagnoses using brief assessment instruments conducted by phone. PTSD and MD were assessed by telephone interview in a randomly selected sample of Jewish and Palestinian residents of Jerusalem (N = 150) during a period of marked threat of terrorism and war. We utilized the PTSD Symptom Scale Interview Format (Foa, Riggs, Dancu, & Rothbaum, 1993) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001). We then conducted in-depth, in-person interviews within 2 weeks, assessing PTSD and MD using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI; Kessler et al., 2004). The prevalence of PTSD and MD diagnosis ascertained by the 2 assessment modalities was similar. Indices of classification accuracy for the phone interview, using the in-person interview as the standard, ranged from modest to high. Brief phone and in-depth in-person measures of PTSD and MD also correlated similarly with other demographic, stress, and coping factors, suggesting convergent validity. Brief phone interviews appear useful for estimating the prevalence of psychological disorders in mass casualty contexts and may have a critical role in both epidemiologic work and guiding public health interventions.

KW - Depression

KW - Mass casualty

KW - PTSD

KW - Survey methodology

KW - Terrorism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052649535&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052649535&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0022817

DO - 10.1037/a0022817

M3 - Article

C2 - 21381832

AN - SCOPUS:80052649535

VL - 23

SP - 599

EP - 605

JO - Psychological Assessment

JF - Psychological Assessment

SN - 1040-3590

IS - 3

ER -