Architecture and facies differentiation within a Middle Miocene carbonate platform, Ermenek, Mut Basin, southern Turkey

X. Janson, F. S.P. van Buchem, G. Dromart, H. T. Eichenseer, X. Dellamonica, R. Boichard, F. Bonnaffe, G. Eberli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

In south-central Turkey, a carbonate platform system of early middle Miocene age is exposed in three-dimensional outcrops displaying a rich variety of carbonate facies associated with exceptionally well-preserved depositional geometries. This paper presents a detailed reconstruction of the geometries and facies organization across the prograding margin of one intraplatform carbonate bank that grew during the Langhian on the Ermenek Platform. The total thickness of the margin is approximately 250 m, and it has prograded over a distance of 1.2 km. The geometrical pattern shows an alternation between sigmoid, sigmoid-oblique, and oblique accretionary units at different scales. Based on the facies distribution and the geometrical framework two large-scale depositional sequences and eight medium-scale depositional sequences were defined. The general evolution from a low-angle shelf geometry to a prograding flat-topped platform was associated with an evolution from oligophotic-dominated carbonate producers, such as large benthic foraminifera, molluscs, echinoderms, red algae and bryozoans at the base, to mesophotic and euphotic carbonate producer organisms, such as corals, red algae and porcellaneous small benthic foraminifera at the top. The eight medium cycles were defined primarily using the depositional geometries, since facies changes were observed only locally within these cycles. Several mechanisms influenced the stratigraphic architecture of this margin: (1) eustatic sea-level controlled the overall transgressive-regressive Langhian sequence, and two superposed large-scale sequences. Medium cycles were probably also influenced by higher frequency sea-level fluctuations; (b) climate change probably influenced the overall evolution of the faunal assemblage; and (c) antecedent topography determined the overall architecture of a shelf bordering a deeper basin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-290
Number of pages26
JournalGeological Society Special Publication
Volume329
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Geology

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    Janson, X., van Buchem, F. S. P., Dromart, G., Eichenseer, H. T., Dellamonica, X., Boichard, R., Bonnaffe, F., & Eberli, G. (2010). Architecture and facies differentiation within a Middle Miocene carbonate platform, Ermenek, Mut Basin, southern Turkey. Geological Society Special Publication, 329, 265-290. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP329.11