APRIL (TNFSF13) regulates collagen-induced arthritis, IL-17 production and Th2 response

Yanping Xiao, Seiichi Motomura, Eckhard R. Podack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL or TNFSF13) shares receptors with B-cell activation factor of the TNF family (BAFF) on B and T cells. Although much is known about the function of APRIL in B cells, its role in T cells remains unclear. Blocking both BAFF and APRIL suggested that BAFF and/or APRIL contributed to collagen-induced arthritis (CIA); however, the role of APRIL alone in CIA remained unresolved. We show here that, in vitro, our newly generated APRIL-/- mice exhibited increased T-cell proliferation, enhanced Th2 cytokine production under non-polarizing conditions, and augmented IL-13 and IL-17 production under Th2 polarizing conditions. Upon immunization with OVA and aluminum potassium sulfate, APRIL-/- mice responded with an increased antigen-specific IgG1 response. We also show that in APRIL-/- mice, the incidence of CIA was significantly reduced compared with WT mice in parallel with diminished levels of antigen-specific IgG2a autoantibody and IL-17 production. Our data indicate that APRIL plays an important role in the regulation of cytokine production and that APRIL-triggered signals contribute to arthritis. Blockade of APRIL thus may be a valuable adjunct in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3450-3458
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Autoimmunity
  • Cytokines
  • T cells
  • TNF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy


Dive into the research topics of 'APRIL (TNFSF13) regulates collagen-induced arthritis, IL-17 production and Th2 response'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this