Application of the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory in evaluating orthodontic compliance.

K. A. Southard, E. A. Tolley, Kristopher Arheart, C. A. Hackett-Renner, T. E. Southard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lack of adolescent patient compliance is a significant problem in orthodontics. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of using a commercially available adolescent personality test to predict the behavior of adolescent patients in an orthodontic practice. Specifically, this study tested (1) the use of the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory (MAPI) as an appropriate instrument for an adolescent orthodontic population and (2) the correlation between MAPI test results and orthodontic compliance. The MAPI was administered to 104 13- to 18-year-old orthodontic patients who were blindly evaluated for orthodontic compliance after 2 years of treatment. Twenty modified MAPI scales with high internal consistencies (coefficient alpha = 0.66 to 0.87) were developed. Factor analytic results demonstrated that the modified scales had a dimensionality that was similar to that of the original test. Seven of 20 test scales and gender were found to be significantly correlated with orthodontic compliance. These eight variables contribute to a predictive model that accounts for 24% of the variance in assessing orthodontic compliance. We conclude that the MAPI has potential as a useful instrument in assisting the management of adolescent patient behavior in an orthodontic practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-561
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics
Volume100
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Personality Inventory
Orthodontics
Compliance
Personality Tests
Adolescent Behavior
Patient Compliance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Lack of adolescent patient compliance is a significant problem in orthodontics. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of using a commercially available adolescent personality test to predict the behavior of adolescent patients in an orthodontic practice. Specifically, this study tested (1) the use of the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory (MAPI) as an appropriate instrument for an adolescent orthodontic population and (2) the correlation between MAPI test results and orthodontic compliance. The MAPI was administered to 104 13- to 18-year-old orthodontic patients who were blindly evaluated for orthodontic compliance after 2 years of treatment. Twenty modified MAPI scales with high internal consistencies (coefficient alpha = 0.66 to 0.87) were developed. Factor analytic results demonstrated that the modified scales had a dimensionality that was similar to that of the original test. Seven of 20 test scales and gender were found to be significantly correlated with orthodontic compliance. These eight variables contribute to a predictive model that accounts for 24{\%} of the variance in assessing orthodontic compliance. We conclude that the MAPI has potential as a useful instrument in assisting the management of adolescent patient behavior in an orthodontic practice.",
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AU - Southard, T. E.

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