Appearance discrimination and binge eating among sexual minority men

William Grunewald, Alexandra D. Convertino, Steven A. Safren, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H. Mayer, Aaron J. Blashill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Sexual minority men (SMM) face substantial disparities in rates of binge eating compared to heterosexual individuals, underscoring the need to study risk factors for the development of binge eating amongst SMM. One potential explanation for this disparity in binge eating is minority stress theory, which posits that minority groups face stressors, such as discrimination, due to their stigmatized position in society. Additionally, specific domains of discrimination may confer different levels of risk for binge eating. Therefore, the current study examined the association of various forms of discrimination, including appearance-based discrimination, and binge eating in a sample of SMM. A sample of 200 SMM (analytic sample of N = 187) from the greater Boston area completed self-report questionnaires assessing frequency of different forms of perceived discrimination (appearance, sexual orientation, race, etc.) and binge eating. A hierarchical binary logistic regression model was used to examine the association of different forms of discrimination with binge eating. 9% of the sample reported binge eating. Appearance-based discrimination was the most common form of discrimination (47%), and was significantly associated with binge eating, over and above all other forms of discrimination and sociodemographic variables, OR = 1.71, 95% CI = [1.24, 2.35], Wald χ2 (1) = 10.65, p = .001. Findings suggest that appearance-based discrimination may be related to binge eating in SMM. Clinicians may consider assessing appearance-based discrimination among SMM patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104819
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Appearance
  • Binge eating
  • Discrimination
  • Sexual minority men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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