Apparent molal volumes of aqueous rare earth salts fit to the Pitzer equation

Carmen Rodriguez, Kaitlan Prugger, Frank J. Millero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The apparent molal volumes (Vφ) of the trivalent rare earth (La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and Y) chlorides, nitrates and perchlorates have been calculated from the density measurements at 25 C and (5 to 80) C and 0.02-4 m. The values of Vφ have been fitted to the Pitzer equations, Vφ = V̄0 + (A vI/(1.2m) ln(1 + 1.2I0.5) + 2RTm(βV(0) + βV(1) g(y) + mCV), where V̄0 is the infinite dilution partial molal volume, Av is the Debye-Hückel slope, I is the ionic strength, and g(y) = (2/y2)·[1-(1 + y) exp(-y)] where y = 2(I0.5). The Pitzer volume parameters βV(0), βV(1) and CV are functions of temperature. The values of V̄0, βV(0), βV(1), and CV for most of the rare earth chlorides are similar orders of magnitude. These results should be useful in estimating the effect of pressure on the equilibria of rare earths in natural waters over a wide range of temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1833-1838
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 13 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Apparent molal volumes of aqueous rare earth salts fit to the Pitzer equation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this