Apparatus for atmospheric surface layer measurements over waves

Mark A. Donelan, Neils Madsen, Kimmo K. Kahma, Ioannis K. Tsanis, William M. Drennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


This paper describes an apparatus developed for simultaneously measuring water elevation and static and dynamic pressure, momentum, and heat fluxes above waves close to the interface. The apparatus was used successfully at the Lake Ontario wave research tower of the Canada Centre for Inland Waters. The principle and purpose of the various sensors used, calibration procedures, and data-gathering processes are described. Simultaneous measurements of the atmospheric surface layer's physical quantities are presented. All the quantities necessary to close the kinetic energy budget in the atmospheric surface layer have been measured.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1172-1182
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Atmospheric Science


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