Anxiety symptoms and disorders among adults living with HIV and AIDS: A critical review and integrative synthesis of the empirical literature

Charles Brandt, Michael J. Zvolensky, Steven P. Woods, Adam Gonzalez, Steven Safren, Conall M. O'Cleirigh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are over 35 million people worldwide infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and its progression to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS; WHO, 2014). With the advent of combined antiretroviral therapy (i.e., cART) in 1996, persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) now have much longer life expectancies. However, living with HIV remains challenging, as it is associated with a number of significant and recurrent (chronic) stressors including physical pain, side effects of cART, social stigma, and discrimination, among other social stressors. Presumably, as a result of these types of stressors, a disproportionately high number of PLWHA struggle with clinically-significant psychiatric symptoms and disorders. Although much scientific and clinical attention has focused on depressed mood and psychopathology among PLWHA, there has been comparably less focus on anxiety and its disorders. The paucity of work in this area is concerning from a public health perspective, as anxiety symptoms and disorders are the most common class of psychiatric disorders and often maintain a large negative impact on life functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-184
Number of pages21
JournalClinical Psychology Review
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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